Monday, April 15, 2019

Turkey Tetrazini

I've been looking at the many photos in the files that we would call Turkey Tracks and I noticed this variation... 

Recently posted in an online auction.
Fancy border; fancy quilting, probably 1850-1880.

Different quilt, same pattern
Not quite so fancy.

Different border

The pieced pattern in many variations was popular. Here's a quilt that
looks to be 1870-1910 Southern what with the fugitive solid fabrics, the thick batt
and the fan quilting. But no corner square.
See a post on other Turkey Tracks here:

Album made for Hannah Nicholson, dated 1843
Smithsonian Collection

Turkey Tracks blocks are common but this one with a square pieced into the corner is rather unusual. It's BlockBase #3105, published in the Kansas City Star in 1929 as Turkey Tracks and by Carrie Hall in 1935 as Mrs. Ewer's Tulip. 

"Mrs. A.B. Ewer's Tulip quilt block 1900"

Carrie Hall stitched many of the 800+ blocks in her collection at the Spencer Museum of Art, but Mrs. A.B. Ewer probably gave this vintage block to Carrie. I looked for Mrs. Ewer in Leavenworth, Kansas where Carrie lived but the only A.B. Ewer I found was in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. Carrie was born in Wisconsin, so Susan Girard Ewer may indeed be the woman who made the block.

The Denver Post published this unsigned pattern in 1933 as Pond Lily

Top from 1960-1980 maybe from an online auction. Sashed.
She may have been inspired by Carrie Hall's block.

You can see the BlockBase drawing is not a great reproduction of the Ewer block. I modified it here by exporting the drawing to Electric Quilt and changing a few lines. I wanted it to look like the 19th-century versions.


This pattern is for a 15" finished block.
 Print these out on 8-1/2" x 11" sheets of paper. That top line should measure 7-1/2"
 Add seams to the pieces above. The templates below have the
seams already there.

About 1875-1910, from a Jeffrey Evans Auction
Block on point, alternate plain blocks.

The three antique versions alternate the blocks.

12 alternate blocks on the square
75" x 75"

If you set them all over you get a whole different look.
Turkey Tetrazini?

Sunday, April 7, 2019

Ohio Star --- Nine Patch Stars

Quilt dated 1832

Signed Eunice Bailey, from Pennsylvania

Eunice's star quilt pattern is one of three common nine-patch star structures we see in antique quilts. 

Block about 1890-1920 based on the claret red

#1631 is based on a nine patch with equal-sized units

About 1890-1920 based on the cadet blue
Most of these photos are from online auctions

We tend to call it Ohio Star.
It has many published names, which I will get into later.

About 1890-1920 
The star is based on some pretty basic patchwork designs---- Broken Dishes
triangles and squares.

This one looks older, the light blues are a toile.

The blocks are often set on point.

The earliest dated example I have in the files is 1811, 
in a medallion format quilt in the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum....

With a John Hewson panel in the center.

A date consistent with some of these chintz-style quilts.

Patricia Smith Collection
Fashion seems to have dictated busy stars alternating with blocks cut from furniture chintzes in the 1820-1840 years.

Seen in the New York project, from the Quilt Index

All these chintz-style versions probably 1825-1850

We have this very busy quilt with a flounce in the collection
of the Helen F. Spencer Museum of Art

And talk about busy. For years I've been looking at this photo in Ruth Finley's 1929 book of
a quilt she owned, trying to figure out the pattern. Now I see what she meant. The stars are set on point in strips.
"A dark quilt pieced of many colors, but with brown predominating. Set together with strips of old American ''geometrical' chintz pattern in brown, tan, orange, red and green. One quarter of quilt shown."
By geometrical chintz she means the kind of print we call cheater cloth.

As in the back of this star.

The alternate strips in Finley's quilt

I have not seen this particular piece of  'faux patchwork" before.
Finley's block is #1631.

International Quilt Study Center & Museum
Dillow Collection

Taste began to change in the 1830s
New England Quilt Museum

Less busy, more contrast

Album dated 1843 made for Hannah Nicholson Grave
Smithsonian Institution NMAH

As fabric grew more abundant one could create a color scheme of scraps.

Rocky Mountain Quilt Shop


Indigo prints and shirting prints- 1890-1920


Crib quilt from Laura Fisher's inventory

Taste changed again. I have very few photos after 1920.
The print might be a faded red rather than a double pink

This pink and white version is dated 1936 with initials B.M.E.
The block seems to have fallen out of favor.

Doll quilt from the Pat Nickols Collection, Mingei Museum

Monday, April 1, 2019

Hospital Sketches Block #3: Love Apple

Hospital Sketches Bock #3
Love Apple by Jeanne Arnieri

Is it a pomegranate, a tomato or a peach?  (A peach?)

Detroit Free Press, 1932

This side view of a fruit was one of the very popular album quilt designs, whether single or triple.

Variations are numbered 46 in my Encyclopedia of Applique

The design for the Hospital Sketches BOM is most like #46.72, which Carlie Sexton named Temperance Ball in the magazine Successful Farming in 1923.

Why Temperance Ball?
Probably an echo of a 19th-century hymn to alcoholic abstinence,
which references the popular idea of rolling a ball through the 
streets as a political demonstration.

Keeping the ball rolling for the Whigs in 1840

Dutch Tile, 17th century, Collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum

The imagery and the symbolism is far older than the mid-19th-century quilt design. The tile shows the traditional view of a pomegranate, slit to show the seeds, a symbol of fertility for centuries. Hence, the name Love Apple.

Pomegranate from Mountain Mist patterns

The Wade Hall collection at the University of Kentucky
has a quilt made from that pattern.

The block is one of the 19th-century patterns with many
variations. Stitchers fit in what they could and what they liked.

From online auctions

Added more parts

Until it became another pattern---fruit or flower?

Triple or single? Both were fashionable.

Mid 19th-century album from Weatherley, New Jersey, Collection of the 
International Quilt Study Center & Museum 2008.040.0086

Signature quilt mid-19th century
The minimum

Late 19th-century
Topknot optional

Dots always good. 
This may have been made from the Carlie Sexton design above.

See the pattern for the Love Apple block in Hospital Sketches here: