One of my favorite patterns.
This version of a fan and a nine patch is from
the mid-20th century.
Ladies' Fancy, which was first published in 1884 in Farm & Fireside magazine...
And republished by the Ladies' Art Company
with the same name in one of their early catalogs.
The Nebraska project documented this one which also looks
like high-style 1930s design.
A variation, a little older.
BlockBase #2001 called Around the World in the Kansas City Star.
My computer program BlockBase shows three related patterns:
2001, 2002, and 2003
# 2003 From the Iowa project and the Quilt Index
This pattern with the spiky fan blades wasn't published with a name until the 1970s when Mrs. Danner's Quilts in Kansas sold a pattern she called Fredonia Cross because the vintage quilt she drew the pattern from came from Fredonia, Kansas.
But about a hundred years earlier quilters were using the pattern
in the South. This one's from Tennessee project.
A variation that's more a wheel than a nine patch.
The pattern seems a simplification of the Rocky Mountain design.
You could see how this popular Southern pattern
might get modified.
Another one from the Tennessee project
This one with a different proportion is from the
An example with a four-patch in the center from
the Oregon project.
BlockBase will print the block any size you like
so you can piece the arcs over paper.
I found most of the examples of #2003 here in the Quilt Index by typing in the word Fredonia at the top right in the search box.
Wasn't Groucho Marx president of Fredonia in Duck Soup?
Oh, that was spelled differently: Freedonia.
Ladies's Fancy, indeed.